Tuesday, March 19, 2019





Pieter Cornelisz Plockhoy, an idealist, arrived America 1663, determined to bring together
a world where there would be no social classes, no disparity between rich and poor, no lordships,
or servile slavery. Pieter Plockhoy, born 1625 or so, to a Mennonite family of Zierikzee in the
Dutch province of Zeeland, was about to get his first lesson of reality.
1658 he went to England to find financing but unable to do so returned to Holland. Several
years later Amsterdam supported him and a settlement which Plockhoy recruited who would
work at farming, fishing, handicraft, etc.

In May, 1663, Plockhoy and forty followers , set sail on the St. Jacob for Cape Henlopen where Zwaanendael had failed I 1631, and July, 1663 he led the colonists and baggage ashore.
1663 as a time when the British and Dutch were competing fro settlements worldwide.
The Hudson River Dutch and the Delaware River Dutch were driving a wedge between the Virginia
and New England British colonies and Plockhoy's Cape Henlopen was a British target.

British Sir Robert Carr came to Cape Henlopen and had little trouble with Plockhoy's
settlement and the Dutch were treated with humanity and gemtlemaness. Carr had destroyed
the Quaker society of Plockhoy.

It is not known what happened to Plockhoy but it is thought he was killed defending his

upon Delaware colony.

Abstract: Wednesday, May 4, 2016, Delaware Coast Press, Michael Morgan's

Delaware Diary.

Monday, March 18, 2019


MARCH 2019

Benjamin Johnstone began life in Sussex County Delaware several years before the American Revolution born a slave and shuttled owner to owner over time. As an infant he belonged to Dr. John Skidmore, then when the doctor died he became property of Skidmores nephew who sold
Benjamin to John Grey, blacksmith, Grey sold him to Edward Callahhan who in turn sold him to James Craig, also a blacksmith. Craig appreciated Benjamin's blacksmith skills and attention to the masters business. Once Graig was attacked by a man with a knife and Benjamin grabed the attacker and subdued him for which Creig was thankful and offered to let the slave buy his freedom. Being free Benjamin was allowed to travel to Baltimore where he was arrested as a runaway and Greig
had to secure his release. Then Creig died unexpectedly and the executors of the estate leased the
slave to John Clemmens, merchant , at Mifflins Crossroads near Dover, from where two Georgia men kidnapped Benjamin who was able to escape and made his way to Dover and took up with
Warner Mifflin an abolitionist and got his manumission papers, moved to New Jersey, took another
first name, Abraham. Even now, a free man he still had trouble being accused of crimes in Woodbury, one being the killing of another black man, found guilty and sentenced to death. Before his execution
he wrote a final letter to his wife that he married sometime back. In the letter he encouraged her to
remarry a man who will love and protect you and left her his white hat she was fond of to wear
as her own. He signed the letter of farwell, “not the farewell of a day or month, but an eternal
July 8, 1797, the slave, Abraham Benjamin Johnstone, sold master to master, jailed, kidnapped, risen to be a freeman, was executed for murder.

Abstract: Wednesday, February 3, 2016, Delaware Coast Press, Michael Morgan's
Delaware Diary.



John Edward Addicks, born in Philadelphia 21 November, 1849, to
John Edward Charles Addicks, Sr, a Philadelphia merchant, and Margaret McLoud , became a millionaire, was, a suave, impudent, industrious , single minded person that managed to amass a fortune in the unregulated world of capitalism, to use to buy his way to a high political office.
With his big bank account an a bigger ego he came to Delaware and
announced he was a candidate for one of two available Senate seats. Addicks
won support of a number of Delaware politicians and literally bought the votes
of many citizens who were deep in dept by paying the dept. At that time a citizen could not vote if in dept. The African-Americans, unable to pay a voting tax ,
had the tax paid so they could vote. Addicks hired workers to 'assist' the black
voters and make sure he got what he paid for. He bought a strong base in Sussex
Delaware and national newspapers were against Addicks and reported his
election would mean political damnation and a more serious moral turpitude.
Many of his supporters won election to the Delaware General Assembly but
he did not get elected. He was age 45 years.
After having failed to buy his way into the United States Senate his business suffered setbacks which sapped his funds, money stopped flowing,
his backers deserted. Creditors won a judgment against Addicks for four
million dollars that led to his disappearance in public view.
1919, at age 70, suave, impudent, industrious and single minded John Edward Addicks died in poverty in New York City, was survived by his first
wife , Ida Harvey Carr, and a daughter by his second wife , Laure Wattson Butcher, deceased 1867, by name of Florence Addicks, born 1866, died in 1942. Addicks also had five brothers and two sisters.
John Edward Addicks, Jr. is buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Abstract: Wednesday, September 2, 2015, Delaware Coast Press,
Michael Morgan's Delaware Diary.

Sunday, March 17, 2019



Early 1700, Lewestown, is a small town, maybe 250 residents, sitting in a distant
corner of the Colonial British Empire and far removed from the powers to be, or so to
speak, the hustle and bustle , and news and politics of the world., content to watch the
increasing number of vessels on their way to Philadelphia area Ports.
Studying the passive attitude of the towns people and area residents was Reverand
William Becket, native of Over Peever, Cheshire, Egland, somewhat East of Liverpool
and far Northeast of London, an Anglican missionary to Sussex county, upon Delaware, and
who had assumed the rector ship of St. Perter Episcopal in Lewes. His belief was that the population of southern Delaware upon Delaware , the remnants of Dutch settlers, new come
English settlers, African slaves and local Indians, were in a sort of retirement separated from
the rest of the New World. However, the Sussex residents proved to be more industrious that
those of neighboring counties, hard working, sending produce they grow to Philadelphia and
beyond. There they were able to purchase European and West Indian commodities as they want.

Becket also found the residents of lower Sussex were entertained by the daily traffic of
vessels going up the Delaware River and did not give thought of the rich and powerful aboard
the sailing ships.

Rev. Becket also had learned that important people had gained learning from reading
of newspapers. He felt is was highly necessary that Lewes and the county be furnished with
news for instructions and entertainment. The American Weekly Mercury by Andrew Bradford
of Philadelphia was delivered once a week to Lewes, but Becket felt the newspaper of Ben
Franklin was more beneficial so in 1731 he and others petitioned to have Franklin's paper
delivered to Lewes upon Delaware and soon after noticed a more well informed public and
useful learning among them.

Abstract: Delaware Coast Press, Michael Morgan, Delaware Diary.



This book by 38 year old Warren Moore is of the back dirt roads and outhouses of the Great Smoky and Blue Ridge Mountains where she talks with the people of the region and fueled her passion to have their voices heard so what they had to say did not get lost. It's the nuts and bolts of a social history.
Moore is a New York teacher who took a 'leave of absence' , living in Greensboro , close to where she could spend time in the mountains where the blacktop ends. Wanting to see what they had to says she found
out how little as known about these people and how important it was to
have their voices heard.
The Stereotype is that they are lazy, barefoot hillbillies, people who did not go to school nor sent their kids to school and she
found they seldom gave interviews, they are homemakers, farmers,
hunters, musicians, craftsmen and Cherokee Indians, and need really know you before they open up and portray them on their terms.
These folks are philosophers realizing what is important , taking
difficulties with a grin and going on with life. Bea Hensley a Spruce
Pine blacksmith has a theory that you are born to live, making a living is
secondary. Monetary value has nothing to do with living.

Abstract: March 18, 1989 Wilmington News Journal

Saturday, March 16, 2019



An OX or if there are two or more, OXEN, known too as bullock, is a bovine, trained to be

a draft animal or riding animal. The OX is commonly a castrated adult male cattle. The

castration causes the animal docile.. Oxen are uses to plow, pull carts, pull logs out of the forest or

marshes and of all things, threshing of grain by trampling. Draft Oxen are yoked in pairs and a team

may exceed ten pair. History has it that Oxen were first harnessed to work in 4000 BC.

Working Oxen are taught by age four, to respond to 'signals' of the teamster, aka Ox Driver

, verbal command or a body movement, reinforced by a 'goad', whip or pole, like 'gee' turn right,

'giddyup', for go, 'haw' turn left, 'whoa' , stop. By age seven they are retired, fattened up for


Oxen can pull heavier loads, for a longer time than horses, are less excitable, but slower..

An OX has his harness, a yoke, fitted to it's neck and shoulder.





Recorded at New Amsterdam is an affidavit of Theunis Willemsen that he was a

survivor of the 1632 Zwaanendael massacre. This document written in 1632 stated that

Willemsen survived Swaanendael.

In 1908 Jerome Wiltsee Sr, of Nebraska published his family genealogy claiming an

ancestor was on of two small boys who hid in the bushes and lived but were found later by natives

and held captive until they escaped to freedom in New Amsterdam . This account was demolished

by another genealogist and most historians concluded there were no survivors of the atttack

on Zwaaneddael for lack of corroborating evidence.

Abstract: March 13, 2019, Delaware Coast Press, Michael Morgan Delaware Diary.